RATIONES RERUM 3
Gennaio – Giugno 2014
Milites et pagani. La posizione dei soldati nella società romana
Abstract: During the Roman republic there was no difference between civis and miles. But with the creation of the permanent army under Augustus the world of the milites was more and more separated from the world outside the castra. Only then the antithesis soldier versus civilian could arise. The civilians are the people living outside the military camps in the pagi, called pagani = civilians. Of special importance was the prohibition for soldiers to marry during the service. To balance this exclusion from the civilian life the emperors granted soldiers and veterans special privileges. Of extraordinary importance was the grant of the Roman citizenship to the auxiliaries thereby promoting the integration of many soldiers in the local Roman societies.
Massimo Di Marco
L’epitafio di Filita (ap. Ath. 9, 401E = Anon., FGE 134)
Abstract: In the epitaph ascribed to Philitas there is no need to emend the transmitted text, or to force the meaning of the extravagant expression “evening night-worries”, whose obscurity is consciously aimed at. The author proposes an absolutely fictitious example of the kind of expressions Philitas, as grammatikós, was interested in. In this perspective, the reference to the eristic “Liar’s paradox” functions as a hyperbolic pendant: the Coan erudite’s efforts to understand the true meaning of the ataktoi glossai (“disorderly words”, according to Bing’s brilliant interpretation) are humorously assimilated to the attempts to solve the famous sophisma attributed to Eubulides of Miletus.
Riflessioni su Aristotele, fr. 483 Rose
Abstract: This paper presents some remarks about a fragment of Aristotle’s koine politeia of the Arcadians concerning the assembly of the Ten Thousand at Megalopolis. It focuses on the meaning of the expression koine politeia and the problem of the structure of the politeiai of Greek ethnic/federal states. Concerning the first issue, it is emphasized that the expression koine politeia should probably be interpreted as federal politeia. In relation to the second issue, since the Ten Thousand are an institution dating back to the foundation of the Arcadian confederation, and since they were mentioned at the beginning of Aristotle’s work, it is possible to conjecture that the politeiai of Greek ethnic/federal states started when the koinon was established.
Alessandro Magno, Eracle e Cos Meropide (Strabo 15, 1, 3; 33. Plin., NH 6, 59)
Abstract: According to an information reported by Strabo and Pliny the Elder, in India Alexander conquered 5,000 cities not smaller than Cos Meropís. A study of the versions of the myth of Herakles at Cos suggests that this allegation was fabricated by Alexander’s propaganda with the aim of comparing his deeds to those of Herakles.
Su un distico attribuito a Marziale (Epigr. 37 Sh. B., 33 Lindsay)
Abstract: Epigr. 37 Sh. B., a ferocious attack against Domitian, guilty of having brought discredit on his gens, is the only poem, in Martial’s corpus, exclusively preserved by indirect tradition, within Juvenal’s scholia vetustiora. Since Scriverius’ first edition (1619), it is printed at the end of the Liber spectaculorum, in spite of the patent incoherence of such ecdotic behavior. The distich’s composition date is unanimously placed after the assassination of Domitian (96 CE), and Martial’s authorship is generally accepted. However, a careful evaluation of Martial’s poetic strategies after Domitian and a close analysis of the distich show this attribution to be highly unlikely.
Il ius nella Historia Augusta
Abstract: The Historia Augusta has unique expressions like ius praetorium, ius praesidum or praesidale. The epigraphic evidence about the new military leaders established by Gallienus shows that this vocabulary was born as a consequence of the difficulty of clearly defining the attributions of the new praesides respect to the legati Augusti (former magistrates) and the praefecti (equestrian procuratores provided with full jurisdictional powers).
Declinationes e Ars Ambianensis. Un trattato elementare approdato in età carolingia
Abstract: The paper offers a general survey on the teaching of Latin in the Early Middle Ages and presents some topics – like the declensions and conjugations – not covered by the Latin grammarians. Special attention is reserved to the so-called Ars Ambianensis, an introductory handbook of Latin that has often been described as a mere “outline”; however, a closer analysis to the extant versions shows that the original redaction was much more complex.
«I buoni storici sono cattivi romanzieri»? Il sogno letterario di Gaetano De Sanctis (parte seconda)
Abstract: This is the second part of an essay about the still unknown literary activity of Gaetano De Sanctis as a novelist. It highlights some of the themes (in particular faith and freedom) of his tales.
Recensione di: D. Baldassarra, Dal Saronico all’Adriatico. Iscrizioni greche su ceramica del Museo Nazionale di Adria, Pisa, ETS, 2013, 366 pp.
Recensione di: F. Muccioli, Gli epiteti ufficiali dei re ellenistici, Stuttgart, Franz Steiner Verlag, 2013, 562 pp.
Recensione di: G.B. Conte, Ope ingenii. Esperienze di critica testuale, Pisa, Edizioni della Normale, 2013, 123 pp.
Recensione di: M. Feo, Persone. Da Nausicaa a Adriano Sofri, Santa Croce sull’Arno, Il Grandevetro, 2012, 2 voll., 906 pp.
Cronache: Presentazione di «Rationes Rerum» e prima esecuzione nell’ambito del Progetto Archilochus